Cloonacross (Leagan Gaeilge – Cluain na Croise): The townland of Cloonacross is situated six kilometres north of Glenamaddy Town in north-east County Galway. The Irish form of the townland name translates as ‘the meadow of the cross’, cluain means meadow and cros/crois is the Irish for cross. Other forms of the townland name listed in O’Donovan’s Field Name Books are Na Croise, Cloonnacross, Cloonacrusha, Cloonaacrusha, Crunacriosho, Cloonacrissa, Cloonachrisha and Cloonecrosse.
• The 1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map shows an Enclosure and a Ringfort located in this townland but very few dwellings. The locations are published in the National Monuments Service Archaeological Survey Database.
• About ten houses in small groups of two, or, three in close proximity to one another are included in the 1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map in Cloonacross.
1656-58 Down Survey: The Down Survey name of the townland is given as Cloonecrosse. The landowner is listed as Sir Oliver St. George who is listed as a Catholic. The unprofitable land was adjudged to be 82 plantation acres with the profitable land amounting to 42 plantation acres. The area to be forfeited came to 42 plantation acres.
1823 – 1838 Tithe Applotment Books: Surviving documentation of the Tithe Applotment Books is in poor condition making it difficult, and in some cases impossible, to decipher the names of landholders. In so far as it can be ascertained the only Catholic landholder in the townland of Cloonnacross who paid the tithe (tax) levied to support the Established Church (Church of Ireland) was Henry Dumpey. Protestant occupiers of agricultural holdings were exempt from this tax.
1838 O’Donovan’s Field Name Books: O’Donovan describes the townland as follows – “There is a portion of bog situated at the East boundary. There are two Danish Forts in the Western portion. Centre of river and stream forms the principal boundaries of this townland. The remainder of the land is tillage and pasture.”
1856 Griffith’s Valuation: The townland covers an area of 245 acres 3 roods 11 perches and the total rateable valuation of the land and buildings combined amounted to £69 15s 0d. There were only 2 occupiers in Cloonacross at the time of Griffith’s Valuation – Keavney and McDermott. At the time of Griffith’s Valuation the landlord in the townland was Sir St. George Gore.
Census Records: Population and Household data for the townland of Cloonacross:
Glenamaddy and the Irish Folklore Collections:
The article posted on this website under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab provides an overview of the folklore material submitted by Glenamaddy parishioners to the National Folklore Commission, now known as the Irish Folklore Collections. It also explains the background to the 1937 Schools’ Collection (Bailiúchán na Scol) project which has good representation from a parish perspective
The Irish Folklore Collections housed in the Folklore Department of University College Dublin contain a treasure trove of folklore material, some of which is accessible online. Both the Main Manuscript Collection and the Schools’ Collection contain a considerable number of submissions from collectors and informants who resided in the parish of Glenamaddy. The quick reference directories featured in the ‘Parish > Townlands’ section of this website complement the user-friendly search features of the dúcas.ie website and are helpful in tracking Schools’ Collection submissions associated with townlands. Submissions are categorised under – School, Teacher, Language, Volume Number, Page Number, Collector, Collector’s Townland, Informant and Informant’s Townland. Where applicable, Schools’ Collection directories showing online townland-related submissions appear at the end of the following townland posts on this website – Ballinapeaka, Ballinastack, Barna, Boyounagh More (Middletown), Bushtwon, Cashel, Classaghroe, Cloonacross, Clooncon East, Clooncon West, Cloonkeen, Cultiafadda, Eskeromullacaun (Esker), Felimspark, Glenamaddy, Gortaganny, Gortnagier, Kiltullagh, Knockauns, Lisheenaheltia, Loughpark, Meelick, Scotland, Shannagh More, Stonetown and Woodfield.
Schools’ Collection Townland-Related Quick Reference Directory:
Parish folklore submissions contained in the Schools’ Collection are also accessible online via the following links:-
Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 1 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613680
Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 2 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613681
Glenamaddy Girls’ National School – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613677
Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 1 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613678
Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 2 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613679
Gort na Léime National School – Part 1 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4569061
Gort na Léime National School – Part 2 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4569062
Lisheenaheltia Girls’ National School – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613675
Lisheenaheltia Boys’ National School – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613676
Glenamaddy submissions which form part of the Main Manuscript Collection are not posted online but may be examined in the reading room of the Folklore Department in U.C.D., Belfield, Dublin 4. Typed versions of some of the parish contributions contained in the Main Manuscript Collection are published under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab on this website.
Quick Reference Directory of Glenamaddy folklore submissions in the Main Manuscript Collection:-
Author: Pat Keaveny
Townlands in County Galway
1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map
Place Name Books of Galway
The Down Survey of Ireland
The Tithe Applotment Books, 1823-1837
Griffith Valuation – Ask About Ireland
Central Statistics Office
National Archives: Census Reports 1901/1911
Essex University: Historic Population Census Reports
Historic Environment Viewfinder