Cloonacross (Leagan Gaeilge – Cluain na Croise): The townland of Cloonacross is situated six kilometres north of Glenamaddy Town in north-east County Galway. The Irish form of the townland name translates as ‘the meadow of the cross’, cluain means meadow and cros/crois is the Irish for cross. Other forms of the townland name listed in O’Donovan’s Field Name Books are Na Croise, Cloonnacross, Cloonacrusha, Cloonaacrusha, Crunacriosho, Cloonacrissa, Cloonachrisha and Cloonecrosse.

Distinctive Features:
• The 1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map shows an Enclosure and a Ringfort located in this townland but very few dwellings. The locations are published in the National Monuments Service Archaeological Survey Database.
• About ten houses in small groups of two, or, three in close proximity to one another are included in the 1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map in Cloonacross.

1656-58 Down Survey: The Down Survey name of the townland is given as Cloonecrosse. The landowner is listed as Sir Oliver St. George who is listed as a Catholic. The unprofitable land was adjudged to be 82 plantation acres with the profitable land amounting to 42 plantation acres. The area to be forfeited came to 42 plantation acres.

1823 – 1838 Tithe Applotment Books: Surviving documentation of the Tithe Applotment Books is in poor condition making it difficult, and in some cases impossible, to decipher the names of landholders. In so far as it can be ascertained the only Catholic landholder in the townland of Cloonnacross who paid the tithe (tax) levied to support the Established Church (Church of Ireland) was Henry Dumpey. Protestant occupiers of agricultural holdings were exempt from this tax.

1838 O’Donovan’s Field Name Books: O’Donovan describes the townland as follows – “There is a portion of bog situated at the East boundary. There are two Danish Forts in the Western portion. Centre of river and stream forms the principal boundaries of this townland. The remainder of the land is tillage and pasture.”

1856 Griffith’s Valuation: The townland covers an area of 245 acres 3 roods 11 perches and the total rateable valuation of the land and buildings combined amounted to £69 15s 0d. There were only 2 occupiers in Cloonacross at the time of Griffith’s Valuation – Keavney and McDermott. At the time of Griffith’s Valuation the landlord in the townland was Sir St. George Gore.

Adjoining Townlands: The following townlands share a border with Cloonacross – Classaghroe, Cornacoyntia, Curraghmulmurry (Ballynakill Parish) and Kilsallagh (Kilcroan Parish).

Census Records: Population and Household data for the townland of Cloonacross:

Census Years 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 2011
Population 27 17 14 17 15 18 28 38 14
Households 5 4 2 3 3 3 5 5 5

Glenamaddy and the Irish Folklore Collections:

The article posted on this website under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab provides an overview of the folklore material submitted by Glenamaddy parishioners to the National Folklore Commission, now known as the Irish Folklore Collections. It also explains the background to the 1937 Schools’ Collection (Bailiúchán na Scol) project which has good representation from a parish perspective

The Irish Folklore Collections housed in the Folklore Department of University College Dublin contain a treasure trove of folklore material, some of which is accessible online. Both the Main Manuscript Collection and the Schools’ Collection contain a considerable number of submissions from collectors and informants who resided in the parish of Glenamaddy. The quick reference directories featured in the ‘Parish > Townlands’ section of this website complement the user-friendly search features of the dú website and are helpful in tracking Schools’ Collection submissions associated with townlands. Submissions are categorised under – School, Teacher, Language, Volume Number, Page Number, Collector, Collector’s Townland, Informant and Informant’s Townland. Where applicable, Schools’ Collection directories showing online townland-related submissions appear at the end of the following townland posts on this website – Ballinapeaka, Ballinastack, Barna, Boyounagh More (Middletown), Bushtwon, Cashel, Classaghroe, Cloonacross, Clooncon East, Clooncon West, Cloonkeen, Cultiafadda, Eskeromullacaun (Esker), Felimspark, Glenamaddy, Gortaganny, Gortnagier, Kiltullagh, Knockauns, Lisheenaheltia, Loughpark, Meelick, Scotland, Shannagh More, Stonetown and Woodfield.

Schools’ Collection Townland-Related Quick Reference Directory:

Parish folklore submissions contained in the Schools’ Collection are also accessible online via the following links:-

Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 1 –

Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 2 

Glenamaddy Girls’ National School

Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 1

Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 2 

Gort na Léime National School – Part 1   

Gort na Léime National School – Part 2 

Lisheenaheltia Girls’ National School 

Lisheenaheltia Boys’ National School    

Glenamaddy submissions which form part of the Main Manuscript Collection are not posted online but may be examined in the reading room of the Folklore Department in U.C.D., Belfield, Dublin 4. Typed versions of some of the parish contributions contained in the Main Manuscript Collection are published under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab on this website.   

Quick Reference Directory of Glenamaddy folklore submissions in the Main Manuscript Collection:-

Author: Pat Keaveny


Townlands in County Galway

1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map

Place Name Books of Galway

The Down Survey of Ireland

The Tithe Applotment Books, 1823-1837

Griffith Valuation – Ask About Ireland

Central Statistics Office

National Archives: Census Reports 1901/1911

Essex University: Historic Population Census Reports

Historic Environment Viewfinder