Bushtown

Bushtown (Leagan Gaeilge – Baile na Sceiche): The townland of Bushtown is situated about 4 kilometres north of Glenamaddy Town in north-east County Galway.  The name translates as the town of the thorn tree – baile meaning town and sceach meaning thorn tree. Another form of the name is Baile na Sgeithidh.

Distinctive Features:

  • A small river runs southward along the western boundary.
  • The water from a spring in Bushtown supplies the town of Glenamaddy and some of the neighbouring townlands.
  • O’Donovan noted in the 1830s Field Name Books that Bushtown Village fitting the definition of a clachan village in the centre of the townland had twenty six houses.

1656-58 Down Survey: The Down Survey name is given as Boynagh and the owner as the Protestant Archbishop of Tuam. The Protestant Archbishop had been granted vast tracts of land across numerous townlands, primarily in Galway, Mayo and Roscommon. John Parker, a Royalist imprisoned by the Cromwellian authorities, was appointed Protestant Archbishop of Tuam following the restoration and went on to become Primate of Ireland. He was succeeded some years layer by John Vesey.

1823 – 1838 Tithe Applotment Books: Surviving documentation of the Tithe Applotment Books is in poor condition making it difficult, and in some cases impossible, to decipher the names of landholders. In so far as it can be ascertained the following Catholic landholders in the townland of Bushtown paid the tithe (tax) levied to support the Established Church (Church of Ireland) – Thomas Cristy and Thomas Collins. Protestant occupiers of agricultural holdings were exempt from this tax.

1838 O’Donovan’s Field Name Books: O’Donovan’s townland describes the townland as follows – “There are two portions of bog situated in the N.W. corner and at the S.W. boundary of this townland. There is a village called after the townland on the West Portion. The remainder of the land is tillage and pasture.” O’Donovan accounts for 26 houses in the townland when the Field Name Books were being compiled.

1856 Griffith’s Valuation: The townland covers an area of 181 acres 0 roods and 21 perches and the total rateable valuation of the land and buildings combined amounted to £51 0s 0d. The occupiers in the townland of Bushtown are given as –  Keavney (4), Collins (2), Reilly (2), Jennings, Brady, Dowd, Keane, Mannion, Lyons and Donnellan. The landlord was Sir St. George Gore.

Adjoining Townlands: The following townlands share a border with Bushtown – Stonepark, Stonetown, Felimspark, Cultiafadda, Eskeromullacaun (Esker) and Clooncon West.

Census Records: Population and Household data for the townland of Bushtown:

Census Years 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 2011
Population 105 83 72 67 69 69 43 37 20
Households 17 16 14 13 11 12 10 10 7

Glenamaddy and the Irish Folklore Collections:

The article posted on this website under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab provides an overview of the folklore material submitted by Glenamaddy parishioners to the National Folklore Commission, now known as the Irish Folklore Collections. It also explains the background to the 1937 Schools’ Collection (Bailiúchán na Scol) project which has good representation from a parish perspective

The Irish Folklore Collections housed in the Folklore Department of University College Dublin contain a treasure trove of folklore material, some of which is accessible online. Both the Main Manuscript Collection and the Schools’ Collection contain a considerable number of submissions from collectors and informants who resided in the parish of Glenamaddy. The quick reference directories featured in the ‘Parish > Townlands’ section of this website complement the user-friendly search features of the dúcas.ie website and are helpful in tracking Schools’ Collection submissions associated with townlands. Submissions are categorised under – School, Teacher, Language, Volume Number, Page Number, Collector, Collector’s Townland, Informant and Informant’s Townland. Where applicable, Schools’ Collection directories showing online townland-related submissions appear at the end of the following townland posts on this website – Ballinapeaka, Ballinastack, Barna, Boyounagh More (Middletown), Bushtwon, Cashel, Classaghroe, Cloonacross, Clooncon East, Clooncon West, Cloonkeen, Cultiafadda, Eskeromullacaun (Esker), Felimspark, Glenamaddy, Gortaganny, Gortnagier, Kiltullagh, Knockauns, Lisheenaheltia, Loughpark, Meelick, Scotland, Shannagh More, Stonetown and Woodfield.

Schools’ Collection Townland-Related Quick Reference Directory:

Parish folklore submissions contained in the Schools’ Collection are also accessible online via the following links:-

Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 1 – https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613680

Árd Aoibhinn National School – Part 2https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613681 

Glenamaddy Girls’ National School https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613677

Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 1https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613678

Glenamaddy Boys’ National School – Part 2https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613679 

Gort na Léime National School – Part 1https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4569061   

Gort na Léime National School – Part 2https://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4569062 

Lisheenaheltia Girls’ National Schoolhttps://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613675 

Lisheenaheltia Boys’ National Schoolhttps://www.duchas.ie/en/cbes/4613676    

Glenamaddy submissions which form part of the Main Manuscript Collection are not posted online but may be examined in the reading room of the Folklore Department in U.C.D., Belfield, Dublin 4. Typed versions of some of the parish contributions contained in the Main Manuscript Collection are published under the ‘Heritage > Folklore’ tab on this website.   

Quick Reference Directory of Glenamaddy folklore submissions in the Main Manuscript Collection:-

Author:Pat Keaveny

Sources:

Townlands in County Galway

1840 Historic Ordnance Survey Map

Place Name Books of Galway

The Down Survey of Ireland

The Tithe Applotment Books, 1823-1837

Griffith Valuation – Ask About Ireland

Central Statistics Office

National Archives: Census Reports 1901/1911

Essex University: Historic Population Census Reports

Historic Environment Viewfinder